1) King Ahasuerus levied a tax on the land and on the
islands of the sea.
think that the storyteller includes this to say that King Ahasuerus stopped
financing his administration on bribelike donations from the likes of Haman,
but I have no idea, really, why this is here.
2) All the acts of his power and valor,
as well as a detailed account of the greatness of Mordecai, whom the king
promoted, are recorded in the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia.
Chronicles which we don’t have.
It’s tempting to say that neither did the story’s original audience, but
Jewish culture put such a high premium upon scholarship (and still does) that I’m inclined to
say that such documents might well have existed and that people in the Jewish
community had access to them—because sooner or later somebody would not be able
to resist the temptation to go looking for them. To this day perusing old, untranslated Hebrew
texts is a popular Jewish hobby, arguing minute points of grammar and
context. They would love footnotes like this precisely so they could look them up.
Which doesn’t automatically mean that the Chronicles of the Kings of Media and
Persia didn’t also include works of fiction.
But at least they’d all be on the same page.
3) The Jew Mordecai was next in rank to
King Ahasuerus, in high standing among the Jews, popular with many of his
kindred, seeking the good of his people and speaking out on behalf of the
welfare of all its descendants.
Besides being a happily-ever-after ending, this also signals a cultural
welcome-home to those who had been forced, for a time, out of their
culture. In fact, that I think is one of
the main purposes of the Book of Esther—to signal the acceptance of those who
had been forced to take Pagan names, or compelled against their wills into
states that broke Jewish law (marrying a foreigner, being castrated.) This means a break from the letter of the law
to a more nuanced understanding that sometimes things happen to people beyond
their control. But the full message
doesn’t quite come through without the Deuterocanonical passages, especially
Esther’s horror at being forced into an unlawful marriage, even though it made
her a queen.
For Catholics, the story doesn’t end here...